The Civil War in Missouri

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Claiborne F. Jackson

Engraving from ca. 1861, in Confederate War Journal Illustrated, December 1893, ca. 1861
MHM Photographs and Prints

During the gubernatorial race of 1860, Claiborne F. Jackson had presented himself as a supporter of presidential candidate Stephen Douglas and a moderate on the issues of slavery and secession. In reality, he was eager to see Missouri pull out of the Union. Once elected he resumed his strategy for secession in a speech to lawmakers in Jefferson City: “Missouri then, in my opinion, will best consult her own interest, and the interest of the whole country, by a timely declaration of her determination to stand by her sister slaveholding States, in whose wrongs she participates, and with whose institutions and people she sympathizes.”Jackson’s physical appearance mirrored his political character. One of only two known images of Jackson, this illustration shows him sporting a beard after he had been elected governor, giving him a more authoritative and intimidating countenance than that of the clean-shaven moderate candidate voters had seen prior to the election.