The Civil War in Missouri

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Loyalty Oath of John Waddell, 1st Missouri Infantry (Confederate)

MHM Archives

From the beginning of the war in Missouri, an oath of loyalty was required to secure a soldier’s release from imprisonment. At the end of the war, the 214,865 Confederate prisoners of war were still required to sign one as a condition of their parole and entry back into society. John Waddell, a major in the 1st Missouri Infantry (Confederate), was captured during Price’s 1864 raid and imprisoned at Johnson’s Island, Ohio. In June of 1865—after the war had ended—he pledged his loyalty to the Union and returned to Missouri.