The Civil War in Missouri

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The Artifact Gallery was made possible by a generous gift from the William T. Kemper Foundation – Commerce Bank, Trustee.

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Chariton County Census of Males

MHM Archives

An 1861 census of St. Louis males showed that only about 570 of 5,800 men sampled admitted to being “secessionist” or “against the Union.” A similar census from Chariton County, where almost three-fourths of the male population identified themselves as “Southern sympathizers,” shows why Union officials struggled so greatly to gain control of rural Missouri. Union authorities used censuses as a tool to gauge potential disloyalty in the state.