The Artifact Gallery was made possible by a generous gift from the William T. Kemper Foundation – Commerce Bank, Trustee.
Confederate batteries set up fortifications at Island No. 10, near New Madrid, Missouri, early in the war in order to secure the lower Mississippi River. But with a battering by Federal gunboats, Union forces defeated the Confederates on the island and claimed 5,000 prisoners. The Union fleet had started to open the Mississippi to further campaigns downriver.