The Civil War in Missouri

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Union Refugees from Western Missouri Coming into St. Louis

From Harper's Weekly, 1861
MHM Photographs and Prints

Brutal guerrilla warfare in Missouri sent thousands of refugees fleeing to St. Louis. Women and children who had watched their husbands and fathers be killed by rebel guerrillas or conscripted into the rebel army sought safety in the city. Families searched for a new home away from the terror of the guerrilla war. The Western Sanitary Commission found temporary accommodations for the destitute refugees until they could travel on to family or employment elsewhere.