The Civil War in Missouri

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The Artifact Gallery was made possible by a generous gift from the William T. Kemper Foundation – Commerce Bank, Trustee.


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Confederate First National 15-Star Flag Presented to Captain Emmett MacDonald

1861-1863
MHM Collections

Emmett MacDonald was among those captured at Camp Jackson on May 10, 1861. He was the only prisoner who refused parole, which required pledging not to take up arms against the United States. He was released by the U.S. District Court on a writ of habeas corpus, a legal action that forces the release of a prisoner being unlawfully detained.After his release, MacDonald joined General Sterling Price’s staff in the secessionist Missouri State Guard and fought at the Battle of Wilson's Creek. After the battle he was given command of an artillery battery known as the St. Louis Artillery, drawing his recruits from various Missouri State Guard companies. The battery entered national service for the Confederacy in January 1862, and fought at the battles of Lexington, Missouri, and Pea Ridge, Arkansas. Later that year MacDonald organized a battalion of five companies of cavalry and was appointed colonel. He was killed on January 11, 1863, in Hartville during General John S. Marmaduke's 1863 raid into Missouri.

This flag was presented to MacDonald by Mrs. Arie Weatherford, but the circumstances of the gift are not known.