The Artifact Gallery was made possible by a generous gift from the William T. Kemper Foundation – Commerce Bank, Trustee.
In late December 1861, Union general Henry W. Halleck issued an order authorizing a board of assessment to fine those in St. Louis deemed disloyal to the Union. The money was used to help support refugees, compensate victims of guerrilla action, and pay for military expenses. This is one of two levies assigned to Barnes, president of the Bank of the State of Missouri. It is possible that he was considered potentially disloyal due to his connection with the banking system, which was in many cases deeply tied to the slaveholding class of the state.