The Civil War in Missouri

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The Artifact Gallery was made possible by a generous gift from the William T. Kemper Foundation – Commerce Bank, Trustee.


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Major Charles Michel

ca. 1861-1865
MHM Photographs and Prints

Some Americans living and working overseas felt that it was their duty to return to their homeland when the Civil War began. Charles Michel, a physician specializing in ophthalmology, was born and educated in Charleston, South Carolina, but was working in Paris, France, until 1860, when United States' politics were becoming heated. In the United States, he served the Confederate Army as a surgeon in the field, and later was in charge of hospitals at Graysville, Marietta, Atlanta and Macon, Georgia.After the war, Dr. Michel settled in St. Louis, Missouri, and set up his own practice specializing in ophthalmology. He also served as a professor of ophthalmology at the Missouri Medical College from 1869 to 1907. He was an ex-member of the St. Louis Medical Society and Missouri State Medical Association. In 1913, Dr. Michel died peaceably in his home at the age of eighty, one year after he retired.