The Civil War in Missouri

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The Artifact Gallery was made possible by a generous gift from the William T. Kemper Foundation – Commerce Bank, Trustee.


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Senator James Henry Lane

1860-1866
Library of Congress

Lane, a former member of the Indiana legislature, moved west to Kansas in 1855. A charismatic but controversial leader, he became one of the most powerful political and military figures of the Free Soil movement. Lane organized large numbers of free-state militia to defend Kansas and raid into Missouri.