The Civil War in Missouri

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British Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle-Musket with Bayonet

1862
MHM Collections

This .577 caliber British firearm was the most widely imported weapon of the Civil War. It is estimated that as many as 900,000 of them were used by both Union and Confederate forces.A formidable weapon, second only to the U.S. Model 1861 rifle-muskets, the British Pattern 1853, more commonly known as the Enfield, was issued to all African American Missouri regiments mustered into Federal service—the 18th, 62nd, 65th, 67th, and 68th United States Colored Troops. These regiments served in Tennessee, Kentucky, Texas, Louisiana, and Alabama and participated in such actions as the capture of Fort Blakely, the occupation of Mobile, and the Battle of Palmetto Ranch, the final battle of the war.