The Civil War in Missouri

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The Artifact Gallery was made possible by a generous gift from the William T. Kemper Foundation – Commerce Bank, Trustee.


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Campaign Token Supporting Southern Democratic Party Candidates John C. Breckinridge and Joseph Lane

1860
MHM Collections

John C. Breckinridge, a Southern Democrat, advocated extension of slavery into new territories and supported the rights of owners to take enslaved people wherever they wished. Breckinridge was moderately liked in Missouri during the 1860 presidential election, where he gained about 19 percent of the popular vote. However, Missouri cast its electoral votes for Democratic candidate Stephen Douglas. His platform, which advocated maintaining slavery where it existed and preserving the Union, resonated with many Missourians. Still, St. Louisans mainly voted for Abraham Lincoln: The state was divided. Many showed support in the form of ribbons, flags, buttons, badges, and tokens. This particular device incorporates tintype photographs that helped familiarize the public with the candidates' images.