The Civil War in Missouri

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The Artifact Gallery was made possible by a generous gift from the William T. Kemper Foundation – Commerce Bank, Trustee.


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Broadside Advertising a Reward for Ann, a Runaway Slave

1854
MHM Archives

Slaveholders in Missouri had to contend with the possibility that slaves might run away. Countless territorial and state laws were passed that enacted punishment for runaway slaves and restricted their travel, but none of the laws proved effective. Punishment by lashes was not a deterrent, nor was the establishment of slave patrols, which looked for missing slaves. Slaveholders announced missing slaves in newspapers and broadsides. In this ad, Catherine E. Pitts of St. Charles offered up to $100 for the return of Ann, one of her five slaves.