The Civil War in Missouri

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Confederate First National 8-Star Flag of the 1st Missouri Infantry

MHM Collections

This Confederate flag was carried by the 1st Missouri Infantry, the first Missouri unit of any type to enter Confederate service. General John S. Bowen organized the regiment in June 1861, but was forced to do so in Memphis, Tennessee, because of the Union presence in Missouri. Bowen and many of his recruits were paroled prisoners who had been captured at Camp Jackson in St. Louis just the month before. The 1st Missouri saw heavy fighting in the first year and a half of the war, including at Shiloh, Corinth, and Vicksburg, and was forced to consolidate with the 4th Missouri in November 1862, because of the sizable number of casualties each regiment sustained.The eight stars on the flag represent the first eight states of the Confederacy: South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, and Virginia. Additional stars were authorized for the flag as states seceded from the Union.