The Artifact Gallery was made possible by a generous gift from the William T. Kemper Foundation – Commerce Bank, Trustee.
Robert B. Smith, a farmer in Lexington, Missouri, enslaved six people in 1860. As was the practice at the time, their names are not recorded in the slave record—only their age, gender, and skin color. There were two women and four men between the ages of 18 and 50; three of them were identified as “mulatto.” The name of one of the female slaves, Frances, is written on the back of this photograph. She is shown with Smith’s youngest daughter, Sally. The image suggests a somewhat intimate connection between Smith family members and their slaves, but the relationship between slaveholder and slave was not so simple, and probably varied greatly from household to household.