The Civil War in Missouri

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The Artifact Gallery was made possible by a generous gift from the William T. Kemper Foundation – Commerce Bank, Trustee.


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Tree Branch from the Battlefield at Shiloh, Tennessee

1862
MHM Collections

The Battle of Shiloh, also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing, on April 6–7, 1862, was one of the Civil War’s bloodiest battles. The encounter between P. G. T. Beauregard’s Confederate Army of Mississippi and Major General U.S. Grant’s Federal Army of the Tennessee claimed the lives of thousands of soldiers, including the rebel general Albert S. Johnston, before Union forces could declare victory. Numerous Missouri infantry and artillery regiments fighting for both sides participated in the battle in Tennessee.Colonel Madison Miller of the 18th Missouri Infantry Volunteers, and a commander of one of the Union brigades, wrote of the battle in his diary: "Our loss thus far was very serious. Several killed.... The ground was covered with their dead and wounded." Miller was captured and later exchanged.This tree branch, with what appears to be two pieces of lead case-shot from an artillery shell, was recovered from the battlefield and demonstrates the intensity of the fighting that occurred there.