The Civil War in Missouri

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Bill of Sale for Louisa to George A. Hayward

1858
MHM Archives

Enslaved people in the state of Missouri were seen as personal property under the law, and their trade and sale was a matter of law. They were sometimes sold with warranties of soundness promising that the slave was in good health. This bill of sale for Louisa, “a dark skinned women aged about twenty-four years,” to George A. Hayward, provides one of these warranties, saying that she is “fully guaranteed as free from defect.” Unfortunately, this is all we know about Louisa.